At the age of 93 years, former Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee got into Panchatattva but he will always be in Indian politics.
As a politician, Atal Bihari Vajpayee reached every possible height, he was the first non-Congress prime minister to complete his tenure as prime minister.
How atal bihari vajpayee died
The achievement of forming a government under the leadership of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which was just two seats, was only on the basis of Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s easy acceptance in Indian politics, whilst considering that the National Self-help group had to move ahead of LK Advani, Vajpayee had to move forward.
Vajpayee was the prime minister of India three times, he completed the first 13 days, then for 13 months and then from 1999 to 2004. During this, he proved that coalition governments can also be run successfully in the country.
It is obvious that when Vajpayee became the head of the stable government, he took such a big decision that has changed the politics of India forever, that Vajpayee’s skill will be said only that he has created a right-wing politics in the Indian mind. That led to a decade later, the Bharatiya Janata Party won the majority, which was not even imagined at one time.
Take a look at Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s decisions which will have an impact in Indian politics for a long time.
1. Planning to add India
As Prime Minister, Vajpayee’s work, which can be considered the most important, is the plan to connect India through the streets.
He implemented the Golden Quadrilateral Road Project for connecting Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi and Mumbai, as well as the implementation of Prime Minister’s Rural Road Scheme for the rural areas. Their decision raised the economic development of the country.
However, during his government, there was also a plan to plan to add funds to Indian level. In 2003, he formed a Task Force under the chairmanship of Suresh Prabhu. However, along with water conservation, environmental opponents were quite opposed.
2. Promotion of privatization – initiation of disinvestment
During Vajpayee’s prime ministership, privatization in the country was extended up to that point where there was no scope for return. Corporate groups of Vajpayee’s strategy have been involved with BJP as much as the influence of Pramod Mahajan’s close proximity to the rest of the classes.
In 1999, Vajpayee formed a unique ministry of its kind in the government as Disinvestment Ministry. Its minister Arun Shourie was made Shourie’s ministry started the process of selling the government companies like Bharat Aluminum Company (BALCO), Hindustan Zinc, Indian Petrochemicals Corporation Limited and Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited under the leadership of Vajpayee.
Not only that, before the Vajpayee, the area of insurance was handed over to the government companies in the country, but the Vajpayee Government opened the way for foreign investment in it. He had made the limit of foreign investment in insurance companies up to 26 percent, which in 2015 was increased by the Narendra Modi government to 49 percent.
This verse of Vajpayee ji is still very well criticized. According to the critics, companies made profit from privatization only, though it started getting better facilities for the people of the market’s mismanagement, but these changes were not compromised for those working in these sectors.
Careful, the scheme of pension for government employees was terminated by the Vajpayee Government. But he did not change the pension facility to the people.
3. Second phase of the Communication Revolution
Generation of Communication Revolution in India Although Rajiv Gandhi and his appointed Sam Pitroda are believed to be, but the Vajpayee Government did the task of reaching it to the common people. In 1999, Vajpayee implemented a new telecom policy, ending the monopoly of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL).
Pramod Mahajan’s mind was also told behind this. Through the Revenue Sharing Model, people got the benefit of making phone calls at cheap rates and later the introduction of affordable mobile phone.
However, under the new telecom policy, the world was open, in which a form of the 2G scam had surfaced in the UPA tenure.
4. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
The campaign to provide free education to children of six to 14 years was started only during Vajpayee’s tenure. In 2000-01, they implemented this scheme. As a result, the drop in the number of dropouts in the middle In 2000, where 40 percent of the children were drop-outs, their number came to around 10 percent coming in 2005.
Vajpayee’s attachment to this mission can be gauged from the fact that he wrote himself as he went to school to promote the scheme.
5. Testing of Pokhran
In May 1998, India conducted nuclear tests in Pokhran. This was India’s first nuclear test since 1974. Vajpayee made this test to show that India is a nuclear country. Although his critics have been questioning the need for this trial, because in response Pakistan also conducted a nuclear test.
Writer writer Arundhati Roy wrote a long article entitled The Inde of Imagination, criticizing the nuclear test in the August 5, 1998 issue of Outlook. It was written by Arundhit Roy that if a nuclear war happens then this country will not be a war against another country, neither will our enemy be China nor America. Our enemy will be the earth. Its elements – horoscope, water, facet, gagan, samira, all will be against us. Their indignation will be extremely dangerous for us.
Well this was the time when the people of Vishwa Hindu Parishad demanded that the pokhran’s sand be distributed as a prasad throughout India. Referring to this, Arundhati Roy wrote that these people want to travel to cancer all over the country.
After this trial, the United States, Britain, Canada and many Western countries had imposed economic pandals, but Vajpayee’s diplomacy skills were amazing that in the fall of 2001, most of the countries had lifted all restrictions.
6. Lahore-Agra Summit and Kargil-Kandahar Failure
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As Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee had accelerated the practice of improving the relations of India and Pakistan. He started the Delhi-Lahore bus service in February, 1999. He did this step in his second term as prime minister. They signed the Lahore document together with Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.
Not only that, Vajpayee also went to Minar-e-Pakistan during his Lahore visit. Indeed, the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh has always been denying Pakistan’s existence and talking about unbroken India. The way Vajpayee’s going to Minar-e-Pakistan was an indication of the acceptance of the union to sovereignty of Pakistan.
It is a matter of fact that till then no Congress Prime Minister was able to get the courage to go to Minar-e-Pakistan. Minar-e-Pakistan is the place where the proposal to make Pakistan was passed on 23 March, 1940.
Going to Minar-e-Pakistan, Vajpayee had said that I have been told a lot, but I do not see any logic in it. That’s why I wanted to come here. I want to say that the existence of Pakistan does not need my stamp, if I ask questions in India then I will also answer there.
Senior journalist Kingshuk Nag wrote in the book All Seasand Man on Vajpayee that the then Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif had said that if Vajpayee wins elections in Pakistan, now he will win.
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However, soon after Pakistani troops infiltrated the Indian border in Kargil. After this there was a struggle for two months to bring Pakistani soldiers back to their place. According to official figures in this conflict, more than 500 people were killed by India.
This was the first time that Vajpayee was criticized for taking Pakistani troops into the Indian territory and attacking them.
After this, one of the biggest failures also came from Vajpayee on the Kandahar Hijack issue. On December 24, the people of Pakistan-based extremist organization Harkat-ul-Mujahideen kidnapped IC-814 aircraft. The plane coming from Kathmandu to Delhi was carrying 176 passengers and crew of 15 people.
The aircraft was abducted in the Indian border and the abductors took the plane to Kandahar in Afghanistan. These people demanded release of three extremist Mushtaq Ahmed Zarar, Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh and Maulana Masood Azhar from the Indian government.
The then External Affairs Minister Jaswant Singh went to Kandahar and released the passengers with these extremists. It has been said that the Vajpayee Government gave priority to the security of all people but closely related to the Kandahar crisis and the Chief of the Indian intelligence agency RAW has repeatedly reiterated the fact that in this case at the government level in Delhi Not properly handled.
After this, Pakistan’s command came in the hands of Parvez Musharraf, Vajpayee still preferred dialogue to improve the relationship, both leaders met in Agra although the talks failed.
7. POTA LAW
This was Vajpayee’s full tenure as Prime Minister when on December 13, 2001, five extremists attacked the Indian Parliament. This is considered to be the darkest day in Indian parliamentary history.
There was no harm to any Indian leader in this attack, but five extremists and many security personnel were killed. Before that on September 9, the World Trade Tower of America was the most horrific terror attack.
In view of all this, the demand for stringent legislation for internal security began to swell and the Vajpayee government created POTA law,